It is becoming increasingly popular to raise chickens in suburban and even in urban areas. Chickens offer a continuous source of fresh eggs and arguably help with pest control. Conversely, chickens can be loud, messy, attract coyotes, and arguably are best suited for rural, country life. Because many municipalities have legalized raising chickens in residential zones, HOAs are more frequently encountering owners maintaining chickens in their communities, some even allowing their chickens to roam the common area alongside the family dog.
If the HOA’s governing documents prohibit chickens (also referred to as poultry or livestock), the HOA may require residents to remove their feathered friends from the community. It is important to note that while municipalities may allow a limited number of domesticated chickens in residential zones, it is well-established that an HOA’s governing documents may be more restrictive than local ordinances. So, if the county or city allows chickens, but the more restrictive governing documents do not, the governing documents control.
Chickens may also be prohibited by nuisance restrictions contained in the governing documents. The aforementioned noise produced by roosters along with frequent, malodorous, and non-solid waste arguably constitute an ongoing violation of nuisance restrictions sufficient to require the chickens’ removal.
Oftentimes, when an HOA requires the removal of a prohibited animal, requests to allow the animal to remain on the premises as an emotional support animal (“ESA”) arise. Under the federal Fair Housing Act, which applies to homeowners associations, a housing provider is required to make reasonable accommodations for assistance animals including ESA’s even though they are not trained to do work or perform tasks. Allowing an emotional support animal which would otherwise be prohibited under the Association’s governing documents is a recognized type of reasonable accommodation for a disability under California’s Fair Employment and Housing Act. (Auburn Woods HOA v. FEH Commission (2004) 121 Cal App. 4th 1578).
|Chickens are not typical ESA’s like dogs or cats, but the creativity of Americans is without bounds as evidenced by the wide variety of alleged ESA’s seen on commercial flights including peacocks, turkeys, pigs, monkeys, and hamsters. Due to the complex legal issues and potential exposure to liability associated with reasonable accommodation requests, it is recommended to contact legal counsel immediately if a resident requests to keep a chicken or any other otherwise-prohibited animal due to a disability or medical condition.|
-Blog post authored by TLG Attorney, Carrie N. Heieck, Esq.